GLOBAL MARKETS-Asian shares on edge as U.S. bond yields rise, oil volatile

BY Reuters | TREASURY | 11/23/21 09:47 PM EST

By Alun John

HONG KONG, Nov 24 (Reuters) - Share markets were jittery in early Asia on Wednesday as trading was buffeted by a step-up in U.S. Treasury yields as well as volatile oil prices in the face of price-cooling moves by the United States and other nations.

MSCI's broadest index of Asia-Pacific shares outside Japan slid 0.24%, while Japan's benchmark Nikkei stock price index fell 1.13%, as it returned from holiday and caught up with global falls the day before .

Oil steadied a day after rising 3% to a one-week high, even after the U.S. said it would release millions of barrels of oil from strategic reserves in coordination with China, India, South Korea, Japan and Britain to try and cool prices after repeated calls for more crude failed to sway OPEC+ producers.

Brent crude futures reversed early losses to rise 0.15% to $82.43 a barrel and U.S. crude futures rose 0.33% to $78.76 a barrel.

"There's a lot going on at the moment," said senior Asia economist Carlos Casanova at Swiss private bank UBP.

"10 year yields are rising, and the U.S. dollar is strong, which is a little bit disruptive for Asian markets as a lot of the currencies (apart from the Chinese yuan) will depreciate and there will be some outflows on the back of widening real rate differentials."

However, "Chinese asset classes have been holding up relatively well," he said, attributing the strength to the People's Bank of China removing several hawkish references from Friday's quarterly monetary policy support, indicating central bank support later this year or early next, "which will provide a floor for equities."

Chinese blue chips were last flat 0.1% and are up about 0.5% so far this week, versus a near 1% fall this week in the Asian regional benchmark. Hong Kong shares lost 0.1%.

Overnight, yields on 10-year U.S. Treasury notes rose more than 5 basis points to as high as 1.684% while yields on 30-year Treasury bond gained 6 basis points. Two-year U.S. Treasury yields slipped having touched their highest level since March 2020 on Monday.

"There's a risk that the Fed may speed up tapering (of its bond-buying stimulus programme) and that in turn means the timetable for tightening may be brought forward, contributing to the stronger dollar," said currency strategist Sim Moh Siong at Bank of Singapore.

Investors will be scrutinising the minutes of the U.S. Federal Reserve policy committee's November meeting to be published later in the global day for signs that the pace of tapering could accelerate.

Non-interest bearing gold which had reacted poorly to the rise in Treasury yields, recovered a little. The spot price was last at $1,794 up 0.2% but still close to Tuesday's two-week low.

Major currencies are largely trading based on market expectations of central banks' interest rate normalisation schedules.

New Zealand's central bank lifted interest rates for the second time in as many months on Wednesday, driven by rising inflationary pressure and as an easing of coronavirus restrictions supported economic activity.

However, with markets having been open to the possibility of a larger hike, the New Zealand dollar wobbled on the news before ending marginally weaker at $0.6928.

Next on the agenda in Asia is the Bank of Korea (BOK), which has its policy meeting Thursday.

All but one of 30 economists in a Nov. 15-22 Reuters poll predicted the BOK would raise its base interest rate by 25 basis points to 1.00%, with the dissenter anticipating a larger hike.

Otherwise, currency markets paused for breath on Wednesday as the dollar largely held onto recent gains against most peers on the back of rising Treasury yields.

However, the greenback did manage to edge up marginally to hit a four-and-a-half-year top of 115.22 yen.

(Reporting by Alun John; Editing by Christopher Cushing)

In general the bond market is volatile, and fixed income securities carry interest rate risk. (As interest rates rise, bond prices usually fall, and vice versa. This effect is usually more pronounced for longer-term securities.) Fixed income securities also carry inflation risk and credit and default risks for both issuers and counterparties. Unlike individual bonds, most bond funds do not have a maturity date, so avoiding losses caused by price volatility by holding them until maturity is not possible.

Lower-quality debt securities generally offer higher yields, but also involve greater risk of default or price changes due to potential changes in the credit quality of the issuer. Any fixed income security sold or redeemed prior to maturity may be subject to loss.

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